1, సెప్టెంబర్ 2011, గురువారం

stroke

STROKE.==Is a cerebrovascular accident--It develops rapidly causing loss of function of brain. due to obstruction of blood supply.TIA or transient ischemic attack resolves within 24hours and is a warning sign.
   CAUSES==1.Local blood clot or thrombosis.2.blood clot from other regions or embolism3.shock with general decrease in blood supply4.veinous thrombosis
    In some cases bloodvessels rupture of blood vessels may occur an bleeding occurs into the brain.(hemorrhagic shock.)
   SIGNSand SYMPTOMS==depend on the area in the brain affected.Look for the for the following.-
   1.weakness and loss of function of limb or limbs on one side.2.facial changes ,muscle weakness of face.3.numbness on one side of body.4.loss of memory 5.defect in speech
   INVESTIGATIONS;=1,record blood pressure2.examine  blood  and urine esp.f or sugar3.lipid profile4.arteriography5.MR SCAN 6.Doppler ultrasound
    TREATMENT;=1.Anti coagulation drugs 2control of hypertension and diabetes if needed 3.Surgery in select cases to be decided by experts.
     Physiotherapy and rehabilitation  by specially trained personnel are essential for recovery.